forms a pair with Surah Haqqah, the preceding surah with regard to the
subject discussed in them. The first surah cautions the Quraysh about the
punishment of the Herein and the Hereafter and the second surah warns such
people from among the Quraysh of their fate as made fun of this very punishment
and asked to hasten its arrival.
is directed at the leadership of the Quraysh, and it is evident from its
contents that, like the previous surahs of this group, it was revealed
in Makkah in the phase of Inzar of the Prophet's misson (sws).
theme of Surah Ma‘arij is to warn those among the Quraysh of their fate
who are making fun of the consequences of denying the Inzar of the Qur’an
about the Day of Judgement and are asking to hasten their advent, and to
urge the Prophet (sws) to persevere in the cause of truth and to tell the
unbelievers that Paradise is the reward of all good deeds; a person whose
evil deeds outnumber his good ones even if he is from the high ups of the
society shall never enter this everlasting kingdom.
In the name
of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful.
A person in
haste asked to hasten the punishment which is bound to befall upon these
unbelievers1. No one can avert
it. It will be from the Lord [--Most High and Noble--] of the ascending
stairways. [They measure everything from their own scales and then ask
to hasten its arrival. Tell them that] the angels and the Spirit ascend
towards Him in a Day the measure of which [according to your calculation]
is fifty thousand years2.
So [O Prophet!] with grace and dignity bear [their hastiness] with patience3.
They hold it far off4 and
We see it near at hand. (1-7)
also see it].
The Day when
the sky become like sediment of oil and the mountains become like tufts
of carded wool5, and no sincere
friend [at that time] shall inquire after his friend [though] they shall
be shown to one another. The sinner will long to redeem himself from the
torment of that Day by offering his sons, his wife, his brother, his family
who used to give him shelter and all the people of the earth as ransom
and then save himself from it6.
By no means!
it7 is the flame of Fire which
strips open the skin, and calls8
every person who turned his back and drew away and amassed riches and hoarded
people shall continue with their hasty attitude. Just ignore them O Prophet!].
Verily, man has been created very impatient9.
[If he does not discipline himself, then indeed] whenever some affliction
befalls him he becomes depressed and when good fortune befalls him he becomes
stingy. Not so those who pray, who are always steadfast in prayer; who
set aside a fixed portion in their wealth for those who ask and for those
who are ashamed to ask; who truly believe in the Day of Reckoning and dread
the punishment of their Lord10
-- Verily the punishment of their Lord is not a thing to be careless of
-- and those who preserve their chastity -- save
with their wives and slave-girls11,
for in their cases they are not blameworthy. But they who seek to go beyond
this, then it is they who are transgressors -- and those who keep their
trusts and promises [both with regard to Allah and with regard to their
fellow human beings] and those who stand firm in their testimonies and
those who keep guard over their prayers. It is they who will be in gardens
of paradise, laden with honours. (19-35)
no doubt that it is they who will be in the gardens of paradise]. Then
what is the matter with these unbelievers that [after hearing this decision
of Ours] they rush madly at you in multitudes from right and left? Does
each man among them covet to enter the garden of bliss [just because he
possesses a high status in this world]? By no means! [they should not show
conceit on this status]. We have created them out of what they [very well]
[Then do they
reckon that We shall not be able to create them a second time]? Nay! I
swear by the Lord who is the Master of all the vastness of the East and
the West [that since We are the Master, then indeed] We can create them
[a second time] in a better form and We shall not be powerless in this
regard. So [if they do not understand this then] leave them to chat and
play about until they encounter that day of theirs about which they are
being threatened. The Day on which they will rush from their graves as
if racing towards targets marked. Their eyes downcast. Disgrace covering
them. This is the Day about which they had been warned. (40-44)